Should you go all-in preflop with AK? The math has the answer.

AK ranks very high among the top 3% strongest hands, that you can be dealt in a poker game. For that reason, the majority of poker players will just go for an all-in preflop line. The typical lines are 2bet and 4bet all-in jam, 3bet and 5bet all-in jam or 3bet, 5bet and call an all-in jam. There is a problem with these lines though: They are not profitable at modern fullring cashgames.

FR NL100 at PokerStars 2020: I have AK in the HJ, 3bet and 5bet all-in jam vs a regular tight and aggressive player in the CO. This type of player will often call with a 3% range of QQ+ and AK in this spot.

If your villain is the very common tight and aggressive player, or a semi-loose and aggressive player, his range is often down to QQ+ and AK at the point of 4bet+ actions. That is a 3% range. AK blocks 3 combos of AA, 3 combos of KK and 7 combos of AK. That leaves 12 combos of QQ+ and 9 combos of AK. AK has just 38,82% chance of winning those massive flips. It is slight better than other lower ranked hands. You might be surpriced, that a hand like JJ, that is ranked higher than AK, only has 36,19% chance of winning these spots. The reason is, that it does not block the aces and kings, that villain can have.

Villain called my 5bet all-in jam and showed AA.

Let’s go through the math in some well known scenarios.

Scenario 1: Should you call a 4bet all-in jam with AK?

You are in the BB, 3bet to 9 bb and face a 100 bb 4bet jam from a tight and aggressive player in SB. You have to risc 91 bb to win 109 bb. The break even percentage of a call is 45,50%. SB has QQ+ and AK. That is a 3% range. According to Equilab’s range calculator, you can only call with KK+. That range has a chance of 70,64%. You should fold AK. AKs has a chance of just 41,90%. AKo has a chance of just 38,82%. Even a hand as strong as QQ has a chance of just 40,21%.

Scenario 2: Should you call a 5bet all-in jam with AK?

You are in the SB, 2bet, 4bet to 23 bb and face a 100 bb jam from a tight and aggressive player in BB. You have to risc 77 bb to win 123 bb. The break even percentage of a call is 38,50%. BB has QQ+ and AK. That is a 3% range. According to Equilab’s range calculator, You can call with QQ+ and AK. That range has a chance of 50,00%. AK has a chance of 38,82%. However, you should not just call to break even. You should have a margin for rake and it would be nice with some profit too. If you add 1%, or even 2%, then you should fold AKo and call AKs. AKs has a chance of 41,90%.

Scenario 3: Should you call a 4bet jam from a semi-loose and aggressive shortstack player?

You are in the BB, 3bet to 9 bb and face a 40 bb 4bet jam from a semi-loose and aggressive shortstack player in SB. You have to risc 31 bb to win 49 bb. The break even percentage of a call is 38,75%. SB has 99+ and AQ+. That is a 5% range. According to Equilab’s range calculator, you can call with TT+, AQs+ and AKo. You should call with AK. AKs has a chance of 45,70%. AKo has a chance of 42,87%.

AK goes up in value, when played all-in vs maniacs and aggressive fish.

This all applies to spots in which your villain is a good tight and aggressive player or good semi-loose and aggressive player. Things dramatically, when your villain is a maniac or aggressive fish. These players will have a wider range, that not only has strong hands, but also junk hands. These players, that a take a 3bet all-in jam line with hands like A4s, KQ or 87o are not uncommon.

AK can lose.

While AK might be ahead in preflop all-in spots vs aggressive fish, it should be noted, that AK can lose to a better or worse hand anyway. It’s just the reality of the game.

The poker player Igor 140184 of the slightly rare, but not uncommon, maniac type 4bet cold and went all-in with 87o at a NL100 fullring cashgame on PokerStars. His hand, which are ranked at the lowest, made three of a kind and would also have cracked aces and kings, which are ranked as the strongest hands, that you can be dealt in this game. A bad beat or suck-out, that can make results go below expected value and eventually make some players believe, that the game is rigged by super users and fortune tellers.

The Diplomático rum tasting glass twin pack.

Which webshop has this beautiful Diplomático rum tasting glass twin pack for sale? They are, or were, sold seperately in a green twin pack or in a green box in combination with a bottle of Diplomático Reserva Exclusiva rum. I also asked Venezuelan Diplomático directly.

2019 Rum Diplomático tasting glass twin pack. Rediscover rum. Discover Diplomático.

On another note: The official website of Diplomático is one the most well designed, functional and streamlined websites, that I have seen. That is just amazing work from planning, design and programming.

The beautiful website of Diplomático, that claims to produce some of the best rum. The green Diplomático Reserva Exclusiva is seen in the front.

Finding the best cash game poker coaching site for 2021.

In my quest for mastering the higher stakes of online poker, I am interested in becoming a member of an online poker coaching site, that is run by a team of active professional poker players. I am looking for a site, that provides updated modern theory and strategy for low and mid stakes full ring cash games through graphics and functionality, that takes full advantage of the capabilities, that modern web design and programming language provides. I will also look for support and the possibility to ask poker related questions to professional poker players of the team.

Through the years, studying poker has been based on reading poker books, watching small theme based video courses, conducting poker tracker analysis and maybe interact in an occational hour of private one-to-one poker coaching, but the recent years online poker coaching sites with suites theory and practice, created by its team of professional players, has been launched and re-launched with modern graphics and functionality. These sites are based on paid memberships, but in return, its team of professional poker players creates and updates the content in an ongoing manner and provide a suite of theory, coaching and support for serious and professional poker players.

Poker Coaching by Jonathan Little.

The premium membership page of PokerCoaching by Jonathan Little.

Poker Coaching by Jonathan Little. He has a popular and lovingly honest YouTube channel. The coaching site has a short introduction video, that gives an ultra short look into the coaching site. It seems to be slightly more focused on tournament poker and the content mainly based on commenting on hands, that are played by the team of professional poker players. The rest of the site is not very informative. It is unclear, what topics, that are covered, and, whether the site provides a full suite of strategy and support for cash game players. I was not impressed by the graphics and functionality. The price for a premium membership is 99 USD per month. That seems too high for what I have seen.

Red Chip Poker by James Sweeney.

The pro membership page of Red Chip Poker.

James Sweeney is a poker coach, that specialize in full ring cash games and produce neat graphics for his teaching courses. He creates some amount of free content on his own website and co-founded the poker coaching site Red Chip Poker, that provides updated modern content, created by himself and his team. I am not sure, if he plays that much poker himself, and specifically online poker, but he is clearly mathematically founded, able to explain complex theory and works close with his team and poker community. The site gives a very nice overview and insight to a full suite of support and structured content, that not only uses neat graphics, but also seems to cover interesting topics, that are of interest to me. Red Chip Poker has a free podcast, that discuss different topics, that can be listened to, while doing other things. The price for basic membership is 5 USD per week. The price for professional membership is 50 USD per month. These prices seems fair to what I have seen.

Upswing Poker by Doug Polk.

The membership page of Upswing Lab.

Doug Polk, which had some years of fame on YouTube for his great hand reviews before he retired, created a poker coaching site, that he named Upswing Lab. He also recently demonstrated to be profitable in his grudge match against the old professional poker player Daniel Negreano. However, even though the site has been online for some time now, it has contradicting information and non-functioning references. The introduction video does not demonstrate impressive graphics nor functionality. The general language seems to be a little too smart and non-academic for my taste. The price for membership is 99 USD per month. That is too much for what I have seen.

Raise Your Edge by Benjamin Rolle.

The membership page of Raise Your Edge.

Benjamin is a tournament, and somewhat cash game, poker player, that has a popular YouTube channel, and founded the Raise Your Edge poker coaching site. However, the site gives little insight and its hard to determine the quality of graphics and content. The cash game master class description is very general and gives no insight. A general use of too smart and non-academic language seems to be in use. The price for membership is 397 USD per month. That seems way to high for what I have seen.

SplitSuit and The Vault by James Sweeney.

The membership page of The Vault.

This is a more personal poker coaching site of James Sweeney, that also is a co-founder of Red Chip Poker. It is very nice site, rich on content about a wide range of topics. It also offers paid courses and a membership to The Vault. I am unsure, what the differences are, between this and the Red Chip Poker site, but The Vault seems to be a collection of larger courses of different topics, that supplement the site. I have asked James about this and will update this review with his answer. The price for membership is 99 USD per month. A little high for what I have seen, but depends on the answer.

Conclusion.

The balance between content, graphics and price, seems to be right for Red Chip Poker by James Sweeney. I will sign up for the professional membership and see, if it lives up to its promises. If I should become disappointed, I will look into SplitSuit and The Vault or Poker Coaching by Jonathan Little.