The Italian game is a basic chess opening, that follows the solid basic principles of chess openings by moving knights before bishops, taking control of the center area of the board and keeping the queen at its initial position, while developing strong positions and keeping an eye on black’s F7, which is a vulnerable spot, only protected by the king.
The Italian game chess opening shares the same initial two moves as the Ruy Lopez chess opening: White begins by moving king’s pawn to E4.
Black mirrors white’s move by moving pawn to E5. White moves knight to E3.
Black moves knight to C3. White takes control of black’s pawn, that is protected by the king, at the vulnerable F7 by moving bishop to C4. These positions is the Italian game chess opening. PGN is 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4.
The Giuoco piano variant of the Italian game chess opening.
Black moves bishop to C4. This move brings the positions to the Giouco piano variant of the Italian game. PGN is 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5.
White castles on king side.
The possible moves from Giouco piano variant of the Italian game: